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                    W R I T I N G   W O R L D

A World of Writing Information - For Writers Around the World

                  http://www.writing-world.com

Issue 13:01       13,350 subscribers           January 10, 2013
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IN THIS ISSUE:
=================================================================

THE EDITOR'S DESK: New Beginnings, Again, by Moira Allen 
CRAFTING FABULOUS FICTION:  What Do Your Characters Want?  (Part
One), 
by Victoria Grossack 
NEWS FROM THE WORLD OF WRITING 
WRITING JOBS AND OPPORTUNITIES
FEATURE: What Do You Write? Using Writers' Platforms 
to Establish Subject Matter Credibility, by Audrey Faye Henderson
FREE STUFF FOR WRITERS: Get Mobile, by Aline Lechaye
THE WRITE SITES -- Online Resources for Writers
The Author's Bookshelf 

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FROM THE EDITOR'S DESK
=================================================================

New Beginnings, Again...
------------------------
If you're like a lot of writers, chances are that you've greeted
the New Year with a pronouncement along the lines of: "THIS will be
the year that I FINALLY________ (fill in the blank)."  Get that
novel started. Get that novel finished.  Enter that contest.  Send
out those queries.  Write that story.  Get published, somehow,
somewhere.  Take the plunge.  Start writing.  Start writing MORE.

Or perhaps the resolution is personal: Join the gym, lose weight,
tackle the clutter, get control of the finances, mend a
relationship.  Chances are, there's something in your life that you
want to start, finish, or change.  (If one of your resolutions is
to join the gym, here's a hint: Wait until March.  That's when all
the OTHER folks who resolved the same thing in January have given
up, and you can get to the machines without waiting in line.)

Now, I've made no secret in past editorials that I'm not a big fan
of New Year's resolutions.  In fact, I firmly resolved, back in
December, NOT to write an editorial about New Year's resolutions! 
See how easy these things are to break?

What made me decide to weigh in yet again on this perennial topic
was that key word in the first paragraph: "Finally."  I've used
that word myself quite often, year after year.  This, I tell myself
firmly, is the year when I finally get the website designed for my
new book, update my Victorian site, finish the second draft of my
novel...

The problem with the word "finally" is not that it's so, um, final.
 In fact, quite the opposite: The problem with the word "finally"
is that it suggests a process that hasn't been final at all.  We
say "finally" in the hopes of bringing to an end a succession of
"finallies" that have never come to pass.  I wouldn't be telling
myself in 2013 that this year I will "finally" finish my second
draft if, in fact, I hadn't NOT been finishing that draft for quite
some time.  You don't say "finally" if you've been putting
something off for a week or two.  You say it about something that
you feel you ought to have been doing for, quite possibly, years.  

In short, we say "finally" not because a resolution is new, but
because it is old, and getting steadily older.  Whatever you're
saying "finally" about this year, chances are, it's not the first
year you've said it.  And yet, for some reason, it still hasn't
gotten done.

If we take a good, hard, honest (and painful) look at our history
of "finallies," it quickly becomes apparent that saying "finally"
does not actually make it so.  If it did, we wouldn't actually have
to say it at all, because we would have already done it (whatever
"it" is) by now.  "Finally" just serves to reinforce the guilty
realization that we HAVEN'T managed to do whatever it is yet,
probably for at least a year, and quite often for longer.  

So what are we to do?  Give up on New Year's resolutions
altogether?  Throw in the towel and declare that "it" just isn't
meant to be?  That's just a bit TOO final!

As I look forward to 2013, I've come to realize that before I can
turn my "finally I will" goals into "finally I have" achievements,
I need to do a bit of looking backward as well.  It won't help to
resolve, yet again, to do something that I haven't managed to do
before, unless I can figure out WHY I haven't done it before.  WHY
has this project dragged on for three years?  WHY haven't I
completed this task, followed that dream, overcome that obstacle?

If you're bracing yourself for a prescription of soul-baring
therapy, relax.  Sometimes, granted, the "why" may be related to
deep-rooted issues.  But quite often it's much easier to track
down.  Sometimes it's rooted in being just too darn busy.  (I have
yet to meet someone who sighed and declared, "Wow, last year was
just my most relaxed, laid-back, do-nothing year ever!")  

As I've mentioned before in this space, one of the biggest problems
with being able to do three tasks in the amount of time that used
to be required to do one is that, now, we are EXPECTED to be able
to do three tasks in the time it once took to do one. Today's
time-saving technologies may have made some tasks easier, but the
end result has simply been a multiplication of tasks.  
Unfortunately, our mental processes are a bit slower to catch up;
we remember when we were easily able to accomplish certain things
in a day, or a week, or a month, and can't quite figure out why
that isn't happening anymore.

Another common issue is failing to realize how long a task may
take.  Often, I'll sit down to "quickly" catch up on my e-mail, and
surface, blinking, a couple of hours later, wondering where the
time went and feeling as if I've accomplished nothing at all.  Of
course, in reality, I've probably reviewed someone's submission,
sent out a couple of ad contracts, answered two or three questions,
filled an order or two from Amazon, posted a new directory listing
on my pet loss page (and, thank you, Dawn, gotten sucked into a
round of "Horrible Histories" on YouTube).  But since all that
didn't relate to my "goal" for the day, I feel as if the day has
passed without "accomplishing" anything.

Sometimes the problem lies in the time we spend solving OTHER
people's problems.  My sister retired last spring, and decided to
embark on a new career venture.  I didn't realize just how much
time I spent in assisting, advising and general hand-holding until
I backed up my e-mail archives; now, at least, I know where my
summer went!

Looking back at my some of my "finallies" for 2012, I realized that
there were, in fact, some pretty easy explanations for why these
tasks still  hadn't been accomplished.  Burnout, boredom,
over-scheduling, and the inner editor have all helped contribute to
seemingly endless postponements.  Looking forward again, I don't
know if "knowing" this will ensure that, in 2013, those tasks will
actually get done.  But I do know that if I attempt to proceed
WITHOUT knowing what has caused me to bog down in the past,
"finally" will just be another way of saying "not a chance!" 

-- Moira Allen, Editor

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WRITING A MYSTERY OR CRIME STORY? Forensic Science for Writers: A
Reference Guide can help. Based on a long-running course offered
in colleges and universities, this survey shows you how to create
believable plot twists and enhance your stories with realistic
forensic details.  Available from Amazon and other bookstores.
For details visit http://forensics4writers.com/the-book

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COLUMN: CRAFTING FABULOUS FICTION, by Victoria Grossack
What Do Your Characters Want?  (Part One) 
Different Types of Desires and the Portrayal of Personality
=================================================================

All -- well, nearly all -- of your characters should want
something. Their goals and their motives help define their
personalities and give your story direction. These wants bring your
characters and your story to life. All too often I encounter
students who have a setting or a time period that fascinates them,
but whose characters have nothing particular to do. Their
characters are uninteresting and their plots have nowhere to go. 

It may be possible to write stories in which the characters don't
know what they want. Some of these stories may even be well
written. But for me, novels in which the characters are
angst-filled and aimless are generally annoying, although
occasionally the writing is good enough to overlook this factor.

Your characters' wants help define and develop them as people, and
also provide a means for moving your plot forward. Moreover, having
wants for your characters makes the stories easier to write. If
your characters have things that they desire desperately, your job
of scripting their efforts becomes much easier to imagine and put
down on paper. Understanding your characters' wants is one of the
best ways of overcoming writers' block.

Different Types of Wants & Goals
--------------------------------
What exactly does your main character want? The want may be
determined at the most fundamental level, such as survival. Many
plots, especially action-oriented movies, spend a lot of time with
this. Frequently the stakes are increased so that the survival
pertains to more than just one person, such as all the people on an
airplane, all of humanity, or even the entire universe.

Often the goal that kicks off the story is not survival, but
something less overwhelming, even mundane. For example, Heather may
be trying to get her son Greg to school so she can make it back
home in time to meet with the plumber -- with whom she plans to end
an affair. Soon other events crowd into the story -- perhaps
Heather and the plumber are kidnapped by the mob -- so that
Heather's primary want becomes her survival. 

By showing what Heather wants, and what she doesn't want, what she
is planning, and what she is not planning, your readers learn about
her and her personality. Your readers' reactions depend on how you,
the author, present and develop Heather's goals and plans. Heather
could be a woman who is interested in her son but not in her
husband -- but who has decided to forego her affair and work on her
marriage for the sake of her son. Or, Heather could be a single mom
and the plumber could be married, and a voice-mail on her answering
machine makes her realize that his wife knows, and Heather now
thinks it's better to break it off. All sorts of questions about
Heather's strength of character, her consideration of others, even
her sensuality, are elaborated by the development of her wants and
desires.

Characters' wants can be expressed either positively or negatively.
At work: Bob may hope to get the promotion, while Adam fears he's
about to be fired. In relationships: Kate wants Henry to fall in
love with her, while Cynthia wants to prevent her husband Charles
from leaving her and the kids. The negative expression of problems
tends to introduce more tension into the situation, because fear of
loss can lead to panic in your characters, which is then felt by
your readers.

Perhaps a character is trying to fulfill someone else's desire --
for example, a deathbed wish, which involves tracking down a
long-lost relative. In the movie "Moonstruck," Loretta -- played by
Cher -- is asked by her new fiancÚ to mediate reconciliation
between him and his brother. Then all sorts of crazy things start
to happen.

The more unusual the want, the more unusual your character, and the
more unusual the story. For example, in Noah Gordon's "The
Physician," the hero, Rob Cole, wants to study medicine. But in the
book's time period, 11th-century England; studying medicine was not
so easy. Only the Persians had any real skill, and they did not
permit Christians to study with them. Rob Cole knows he could not
possibly pass himself off as a Muslim. He opts, instead to pass
himself off as a Jew, as the Persians occasionally admitted Jews
into their medical schools. Rob's overarching ambition and the many
obstacles he needs to overcome in order to achieve it lead to a
fascinating plot, including the rare situation of a Christian
pretending to be a Jew rather than the other way around.

Goals Help Develop and Differentiate Characters
-----------------------------------------------
Your main character may have multiple, conflicting wants and
desires. In "Jane Eyre," Jane is about to marry Mr. Rochester, when
it revealed -- dramatically at the altar -- that Mr. Rochester has
a wife still living, although she is insane and locked away.
Rochester urges Jane to live with him without the benefit of
marriage, and Jane, who loves him desperately, longs to do this.
But she also feels the urge of her conscience that living without
marriage is living in sin, and this is something she cannot do. Her
struggle with herself leads to one of the most moving passages of
the book. It also defines her character as strongly principled.

Note that not just your main character should want something; all
of your characters should want something. The fact that their wants
are different from each other is what helps make your characters
different from each other. Their desires should also grow out of
their different situations and personalities. An uneducated old man
may want to ease the pain in his back while a rich society wife may
want to regain the love of her husband.  Even a pair of sisters,
with similar genetics and upbringing, may have very different
desires. For example, shy Sheila may want to stay in their small
town, marry and have children, while extroverted sister Emily plans
to go to Hollywood and become a movie actress. 

Even if you write in first person, some of what other characters
want should filter through your writing. Don't forget your villains
have goals and desires, too. You can humanize a villain by giving
him sympathetic goals, such as a man stealing in order to finance
an operation in order to save his daughter's life.

Even lesser characters should have goals and desires. These don't
have to be complex. Perhaps the cashier is only thinking about her
feet, or the fact that she wants to lose ten pounds by Friday, or
maybe she's worried that she doesn't have enough gas in her car to
get home, or she is even more worried because twenty dollars from
her register is missing and she doesn't know why but she is
concerned that she will be docked for it.  

When give your characters wants and desires, they begin to have
texture.  If you find that Yvonne wants a candy bar, give her a
reason why. Perhaps she is on a diet. Perhaps she is a diabetic
with an insulin reaction. Perhaps candy bars remind her of
Halloween. Perhaps candy bars remind of her childhood, when she
stole a candy bar from the local drugstore and was punished by her
father and has never recovered from the incident.  The more
interesting you make the desires, the more interesting and
memorable your characters will be.

Perhaps your cashier has such a small role in your story that you
don't need to do any development. On the other hand, don't make the
mistake of only developing one character's wants and desires.
Here's a rule of thumb: if a character is important enough for you
to give her a name, then she is usually important enough for you to
know something about her in terms of wants and desires. Naming a
character is a hint to the reader that this character is
sufficiently important to remember. Note that this is only a rule
of thumb; you may choose not to develop the personalities of some
of the characters you name, or to develop them with only a few
attributes.

Remember: characters' personalities are also defined in part by
what they don't want, what they fear most, and to what they are
indifferent. If you don't know these things about your characters,
you don't really know your characters. Your character's wants are
personality in action. They show, instead of tell, the character of
your characters.

Until Next Time
---------------
The emphasis of this column has been on how what characters want
help define their personalities. In the next one, we'll look at how
these wants can help bring tension to your plots.

>>--------------------------------------------------<<

Victoria Grossack studied Creative Writing and English
Literature at Dartmouth College, and has published stories and
articles in publications such as Contingencies, Women's World and I
Love Cats. She teaches a variety of writing classes at 
http://www.coffeehouseforwriters.com/courses.html.  Victoria
Grossack is the co-author of the Tapestry of Bronze series
(Jocasta; Children of Tantalus; The Road to Thebes; Arrow of
Artemis) based on Greek myths and set in the late Bronze Age. 
Besides all this, Victoria is married with kids, and (though
American) spends most of her time in Europe.  Her hobbies include
gardening, hiking and bird-watching.  Visit her website at 
http://www.tapestryofbronze.com, or contact her at tapestry (at)
tapestryofbronze (dot) com.   

Copyright 2013 Victoria Grossack

This article may not be reprinted without the written permission of
the author.

Link to this article here:
http://www.writing-world.com/victoria/crafting11.shtml 

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NEWS FROM THE WORLD OF WRITING
=================================================================

Duotrope Now Subscription Only
-------------------------------
As of January 1, Duotrope, the searchable database of over 4000
markets and site where you can track your submissions, will be a
subscription-only service.  It now costs $5 a month or $50 a year
to access the database. For more information visit: 
https://duotrope.com/notes_current.aspx

Amazon Banning Authors from Reviewing in Same Genre
---------------------------------------------------
Amazon have caused an outrage amongst many authors after unveiling
their new review policy which apparently forbids authors from
reviewing books in the same genre as their own.  This is not what
it says in the guidelines, which state: "Authors and artists can
add a unique perspective and we very much welcome their customer
reviews. However, we don't allow anyone to write customer reviews
as a form of promotion. If you have a direct or indirect financial
interest in a product, or perceived to have a close personal
relationship with its author or artist, we will likely remove your
review."  Yet, many authors have had their reviews taken down
because as Amazon sees it, just by writing in the same genre, they
have a 'relationship' with the author.  This is just the beginning
of the backlash, we think. 
For more on this story we suggest you read both  
http://tinyurl.com/bb4usuy and http://tinyurl.com/ayhbsrl

Sales of Printed Books down in 2012
-----------------------------------
A recent report by Nielsen BookScan reported in Publishers Weekly
shows that sales of printed books fell by 9 percent in 2012.  The
biggest drop was in adult nonfiction, which fell by 13 percent,
whereas children's and young adult nonfiction rose by just over 5
percent in the same period. The greatest decline, however, was in
mass market paperbacks, which saw a decrease in unit sales of just
over 20 percent. For more on this story visit: 
http://tinyurl.com/apj3rhe


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Writing Jobs and Opportunities
=================================================================

DailyScienceFiction.com
-----------------------
DailyScienceFiction.com is a premier online science fiction
magazine publishing stories from 100 to 10,000 words long.  They
cover the full range of science fiction and fantasy and pay 8c per
word for first worldwide rights.  For more information visit: 
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Cup of Tea Books Seeking Novels
-------------------------------
Cup of Tea Books is an imprint of Page Springs Publishing focussing
on women's fiction.  They are currently looking for novel-length
submissions.  For more information visit: 
http://cupofteabooks.com/#submissions

Harlequin KISS Seeking Romance Novels
-------------------------------------
Kiss, a new romance imprint from Harlequin, will be launched in the
US in February and in the UK it will be known as RIVA.  Harlequin
is seeking 21st Century romances of up to 50,000 words for this new
imprint.  For more information visit: 
http://www.harlequin.com/articlepage.html?articleId=1733&chapter=0

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FEATURE: What Do You Write? Using Writers' Platforms to Establish
Subject Matter Credibility 
=================================================================
By Audrey Faye Henderson

What do you write? I have heard that question often recently, from
various people. They weren't being rude; they were responding to my
rather wide-ranging portfolio, which includes long-term policy
research and report projects for nonprofits and NGOs, blog entries,
website content, online content provider articles and features for
glossy magazines and webzines.  

My "aha" moment occurred during a conversation with a friend and
colleague when I lamented that consultants with no more talent and
experience than I have (or less) were snagging plum assignments
while many of my inquiries went without a response.  "Audrey, it's
not personal," my friend explained, "It's just that nobody knows
who you are."  

My friend was right. Although you may believe that your work should
speak for itself (and in large measure, of course it does), it's
simply not enough to be good at what you do. Many clients are
seeking an authority. Building and maintaining a platform is one
means of establishing yourself as a go-to expert in your field for
potentially lucrative assignments. 

Why Every Writer Needs a Platform
---------------------------------
Done right, a writers' platform provides a vehicle to present your
credentials and promote your published work. A platform can help to
establish your brand, and provides a ready means of exposing your
work to a wider variety of potential clients. Be forewarned,
however: writers' platforms can have a multitude of moving parts.
Just like many other tools in your arsenal, establishing and
maintaining a platform takes work.

While I write on a variety of subjects for money, under my own name
or a pseudonym, I am focusing my platform toward promoting my work
in sustainability.  By doing so, I have a means to present reports,
blog posts, descriptions of speaking engagements and other
sustainability-related activities in which I have participated. 

Each aspect of your platform has the potential to reach a different
set of would-be clients, while the whole of your platform lends you
gravitas as a subject-matter expert.  For instance, the platform I
am developing consists of policy research reports, blog posts,
speaking engagements and conferences.  Each aspect is intended to
reinforce credibility in sustainability to its respective audience,
while the platform as a whole presents a single coherent package
for all of my sustainability-related credentials.

Building a Platform
-------------------
While each platform is unique, there are some elements that are
common to most.  You don't have to develop every element at once;
different aspects of your platform will probably develop at
different rates.  The key is to ensure that you're making at least
some progress on a consistent basis while you're building your
platform, and to update your platform at regular intervals once
you've put all the pieces in place. 

Head Shot, Caption and Capsule Description
------------------------------------------
For the past couple of years, I've been a presenter at the Chicago
Green Festival.  The first year, the organizers asked for a photo
and short bio to include in their printed schedules and other
promotional materials.  Being perpetually camera shy, I didn't have
a package handy, so I had to improvise.  

I found a digital photo of myself that looked professional and was
reasonably flattering, cropped it on my computer it to show my head
and shoulders, and sent it along with a caption that provided a
capsule description (Audrey F. Henderson, J.D., M.A. / Writer,
Researcher and Policy Analyst / Founder and Owner, Knowledge
Empowerment).  I've used the same photo and bio since then for blog
posts I've written for Sustainable Cities Collective, which
recently instituted a policy of requiring photos for its guest
bloggers.  

Since then, I have developed a standard capsule bio package that
includes my head shot, educational credentials, the name of my
consulting practice, my Twitter handle, and references to one or
two published pieces or other relevant work. I saved the head shot
and bio as a Word file from which I can copy and paste. I also
created a PDF file of the entire package, which I can print out or
send as an attached document.  

Getting a professional head shot is ideal. However, if you use a
snapshot, it should be clear and show your full face, not a
profile. Dress professionally, just like you would for an important
appointment. The background should be plain and the photo should be
correctly exposed. It's also important to make a periodic and
honest assessment of your head shot. If it is more than a few years
old, consider having a new one taken. You don't need to change it
every time you change your hairdo or buy new glasses, but people
should be able to recognize you. 

Update your bio regularly. Hopefully you'll be adding add new
accomplishments regularly, and you'll want to include the most
recent credentials in your bio while letting older achievements
drop off the list. Of course, if you won a Pulitzer Prize or an
award of a similar caliber, congratulations; you'll definitely keep
that sort of accomplishment in your bio forever.

Speaking Engagements
--------------------
If you're like me, the decision between addressing a roomful of
people and undergoing a root canal is a tough choice. You don't
have to become a reality show star (please don't), but giving
presentations on subjects related to your work before groups of
actual people provides an unbelievable boost to your status as a
subject matter expert among the general public, not to mention
potential paying clients. 

It sounds simplistic, but public speaking is much easier when you
know what you're talking about and care about the message you're
conveying. Choose issues and subjects for your presentations that
are close to your heart and that will promote your professional
status.  In my case, I seek speaking engagements on issues related
to sustainability, social justice and self-empowerment in general,
and about affordable housing in particular. Prepare PowerPoint or
other presentation documents that you can adapt to a variety of
speaking engagements, so you can be prepared to speak on relatively
short notice.

If you really are tongue-tied, consider the tried and true method
of Toastmasters. Or, try other avenues until you find something
that works for you. I took the somewhat less conventional route of
training to be an architectural docent and giving walking tours. 
Talking about Chicago's spectacular architecture with small groups
of people who actually want to hear what I have to say has given me
the confidence to venture into speaking before larger audiences.

Possibilities for speaking engagements include meetings, seminars,
courses and symposia, even Google+ hangouts. Offer to conduct
in-house seminars to a company, group or organization. There may
also be established speakers' bureaus for your specialty.  Check
local hard copy or online publications, or outlets like Craigslist.
Try doing keyword searches for your specialty subjects to find
local organizations to approach for speaking engagements. 

Social Media 
------------
If you're under age 35, using social media may come as naturally as
breathing.  If you're a bit more seasoned, perhaps not so much.  I
confess this is one area where I'm still in the development stage.
I maintain a fairly active Twitter feed that is slowly building a
following. I manage a group on LinkedIn related to sustainability,
I write guest blog posts on sustainability, and I recently launched
a blog relating to sustainable development in the built
environment. I also have a static website that provides a basic
description of my qualifications and provides links to published
writing samples.

However, I don't have a video presence, and the Facebook and
Google+ pages for my consulting practice are, shall we say, not
quite ready for prime time. I'm also on the steep end of the
learning curve for Tumblr, Reddit, Pinterest and other "sharing"
services.  Nonetheless, I'm plowing ahead, because social media has
two major advantages: 1) you can potentially reach a huge audience
(think thousands) and 2) most social media outlets are free. That
said, it's really easy to spend a lot of time with social media to
the detriment of other activities, like, say, writing.  One way
that I keep things manageable is to focus on efforts directly
related to promoting my status in the sustainability arena.  

Some social media outlets are easier than others. Twitter only
requires that you choose a "handle" that appears next to your
"tweets," which have up to 140 characters, including spaces.
Facebook Pages are also surprisingly easy to set up, even if you
don't have or want a personal Facebook account.  LinkedIn Groups
and company pages are also easy to establish, although you need to
establish a basic LinkedIn account first. [Editor's Note: When this
was written, most LinkedIn services were still free; now, LinkedIn
is moving to a much more extensive paid-subscription model.] You
can use a personal Google+ for professional purposes, or establish
separate personal and company Google+ pages. The advantage of the
latter option is that you can set tighter privacy settings for your
personal Google+ page, while making your company Google+ page
totally public.

To avoid becoming overwhelmed, start with one or two social media
outlets. Facebook and LinkedIn are good choices, as are Twitter and
Google+. You will need to have basic information on hand: your
business name, an e-mail address and a brief description of your
company or practice. You may also want to include a photo of
yourself or your company logo. 

A complete social media primer is beyond the scope of this
discussion.  However, I've assembled a collection of beginners'
guides to popular social media outlets at the end of this article.
You can also get a handle on social media by reading online
publications like Mashable, ReadWriteWeb, Search Engine Land,
Search Engine Watch and TechCrunch.

Writing and Other Samples 
-------------------------
You may have wondered whether there would be any mention of written
work in this discussion of platforms.  Of course, written work
should comprise a prominent role in your platform. Collect a list
of the best work you've produced that is related to your platform,
and compile the list into a document that includes the name of the
piece, the publication where it appears and the URL (if it's
online) or the month, date and year of publication (for hard copy).
 Keep photocopies or PDF files (having both doesn't hurt) of your
writing samples handy to send to prospective clients.

Note the word "selected." Your list of writing samples shouldn't
cover every word you've ever written, especially if you write on a
range of subjects.  You'll also need to refresh the list
periodically with more recent writing samples to supplement or even
replace other entries on your list.

If you've written extensively on subjects relating to your
platform, you will need to judiciously (perhaps ruthlessly) make
selections from your overall portfolio to include in your list of
writing samples.  The actual number of samples you include in your
list is your decision, but each sample should represent your best
work.  You don't want to undo weeks or even months of effort
involved in building a platform by including substandard writing
samples.

Using Writers' Platforms
------------------------
I have continued to write on other subjects, including travel,
current affairs, politics and popular culture while building my
platform.   Doing so allows me to make money doing something I
enjoy (writing) on subjects which I can address intelligently. At
the same time, developing a platform focusing on my credentials and
work in sustainability has allowed me to make a credible case for
being a subject-matter expert to prospective eco-oriented clients. 
Now, if a potential client asks "What do you write?" I respond by
saying that I write on a variety of subjects, but my major focus is
on sustainability.  Then I direct them to various elements of my
platform.

More Information: Social Media Resource List
--------------------------------------------
The Beginner's Guide to Facebook
http://mashable.com/2012/05/16/facebook-for-beginners/
 
The Beginner's Guide to LinkedIn
http://mashable.com/2012/05/23/linkedin-beginners/

The Beginner's Guide to Tumblr
http://mashable.com/2012/06/03/the-beginners-guide-to-tumblr/

The Beginner's Guide to Twitter
http://mashable.com/2012/06/05/twitter-for-beginners/

Pinterest: a Beginner's Guide to the Hot New Social Network     
http://mashable.com/2011/12/26/pinterest-beginners-guide/

Reddit: a Beginner's Guide
http://mashable.com/2012/06/06/reddit-for-beginners/

Create a Facebook Page
http://www.facebook.com/pages/create.php

How Facebook Timeline Might Radically Change the Look of Brand
Pages 
http://mashable.com/2011/09/27/facebook-timeline-pages/

New Facebook Brand Pages Guide: Everything You Need to Know
http://tinyurl.com/7sc96u6

How to Use Google+
http://tinyurl.com/65urm3k
 

Google+ Pages Now Open For Businesses, Brands, Places & More
http://tinyurl.com/az68laa

YouTube Creators' Corner
http://www.youtube.com/t/creators_corner
 

>>--------------------------------------------------<<

Audrey Faye Henderson is a writer, researcher, data analyst and
policy analyst based in the Chicago area. Her company, Knowledge
Empowerment (http://www.knowledge-empowerment.net/), specializes in
social policy analysis concerning fair housing, affordable housing,
higher education for nontraditional students, community development
with an asset based approach and sustainable development in the
built environment.

Copyright 2013 Audrey Faye Henderson

This article may not be reprinted without the written permission of
the author.

Link to this article here: 
http://www.writing-world.com/promotion/platform.shtml

For more information on building a writer's platform read: 
http://www.writing-world.com/promotion/banks.shtml
http://www.writing-world.com/promotion/brand.shtml

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Free Stuff for Writers: Get Mobile
=================================================================
By Aline Lechaye

Nowadays, it seems like everywhere you go, people are looking at
little screens in their hands: on the bus, on the subway, waiting
in line at the supermarket, waiting for the bus... some hardcore
users even do what I call the "double screen" where they're looking
at two devices at once -- checking text messages on their phone
while holding a Kindle with their other hand, for example. 

There's really no turning back now. For most of us, the mobile age
has arrived. So this month, let's look at some interesting mobile
apps you can download. 

Got a smartphone but not a Kindle? No need to worry, just install
the Kindle Mobile app to your phone and start reading Kindle books
(lots of them can be downloaded for free!). The Kindle reading app
supports iPhones, Android phones, Windows phones, and Blackberry
phones, as well as many computer and tablet operating systems. Even
if you do have a Kindle this app is still worth downloading, as it
allows you to synchronize your user settings over multiple devices,
meaning that you can start reading a book on your Kindle and
continue from where you left off on your iPhone. Download or learn
more at 
http://www.amazon.com/gp/feature.html?ie=UTF8&docId=1000493771.
 

Want to try a new way to exchange photos and files? Install the
Bump app on your phone and simply bump it with the phone of the
person you want to share files with. It's a quick and cute way to
exchange contact information as well -- certainly much better than
scribbling on a napkin! Bump supports iPhones and Android phones.
You can also send files from your phone to your computer via
"Bumping." Learn more about the app at Bump's (adorably titled)
website, https://bu.mp/. Note that you need a steady internet
connection to use Bump, and also that the iOS and Android versions
of the app have some different functions. 

What writer would be complete without a dictionary by their side?
Now, with Thesaurus.com's mobile app, you can have a dictionary
(and thesaurus) at your fingertips anytime, anywhere. Look up words
even when offline. There's no need to even type the word you're
looking for, you can simply use the voice-activated search
function. The Dictionary app supports iPhones, Android phones,
Windows phones, and Blackberry phones, as well as Kindle and Nook.
Download it (and more related apps) at http://thesaurus.com/apps. 

Don't have continuous internet access on your smartphone? Save
articles, web pages, and even videos for offline viewing with
Pocket, which supports iPhones, Android phones, and PCs. The saved
content is automatically synced over all your devices so that you
can read your offline content on any device that has Pocket
installed. Download the app at http://getpocket.com/apps/mobile. 

Dragon Dictation is an app that only supports the iPhone for now.
Hopefully they'll be putting it on other platforms soon, because
it's a highly useful app. Dragon Dictation is an intelligent voice
recognition app you can use for sending texts or emails -- much
faster than typing! You can also use the app to take notes or
record those writing ideas that tend to sneak up on you just when
you don't have a pen. Download the app at 
http://www.nuancemobilelife.com/support/USA/engusa/dragon-dictation/general. 

>>--------------------------------------------------<<

Copyright Aline Lechaye 2013  

Aline Lechaye is a translator, writer, and writing tutor who
resides in Asia. She can be reached at alinelechaye at gmail.com

Copyright 2013 Aline Lechaye

This article may not be reprinted without the written permission 
of the author.

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THE WRITE SITES
=================================================================
Afterdeadline.com
------------------
This is a treasure of a blog about grammar, language usage and
style written by Philip B. Corbett, Associate Managing Editor for
Standards at the New York Times.  If you want to keep your writing
up to scratch, then bookmark this blog. 
http://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/

LitSubmit.com
-------------
This is a handy guide to literary magazines, both in print and
online, including a list of those that are actually paying markets.
http://www.litsubmit.com

LikeStarlings.com
-----------------
This is a fantastic site for poets as it not only offers you the
opportunity to submit your work to the site and to work with
another poet on a collaborative poem, it also features articles on
poetics, interviews with published poets and informative
editorials. 
http://www.likestarlings.com/

*****************************************************************

THE COLOSSAL GUIDE TO WRITING CONTESTS... Moira Allen's "Writing 
To Win" features over 1600 contest listings for writers worldwide. 
The current edition has more than 450 NEW listings.  You won't find
a more comprehensive guide to writing contests anywhere.  Available 
in print and Kindle editions.
Print: https://www.createspace.com/3778183
Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B007C98OUA/peregrine

*****************************************************************
AUTHOR'S BOOKSHELF: Books by Our Readers
=================================================================

The Cosmic Machiavelli, by Thejendra B.S. 

Meg the Egg, by Rita Antoinette Borg 


Find these and more great books at
http://www.writing-world.com/books/index.shtml

Have you just had a book published?  If so, let our readers know: 
just click on the link below to list your book.
http://www.writing-world.com/books/listyours.shtml

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Writing World is a publication of Writing-World.com
http://www.writing-world.com

Readers are welcome to forward this newsletter by e-mail IN ITS
ENTIRETY.  This newsletter may not be reposted or republished in
any form, online or in print, nor may individual articles be 
published or posted without the written permission of the author
unless otherwise indicated.

Editor and Publisher: MOIRA ALLEN (editors"at"writing-world.com) 

Newsletter Editor: DAWN COPEMAN (editorial"at"writing-world.com) 

Copyright 2013 Moira Allen








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