Equipping Writers for Success
HELPFUL LINKS   |   EDITOR'S CORNER (Ramblings on the Writing Life)

Getting Around...

Career Essentials
Getting Started
Queries & Manuscripts
Market Research

Classes & Conferences

Crafting Your Work
Grammar Guides

Writing Contests

The Writing Business
Income & Expenses
Selling Reprints

Negotiating Contracts Setting Fees/Getting Paid
Rights & Copyright
Tech Tools

The Writing Life
The Writing Life
Rejection/Writer's Block
Health & Safety

Time Management
Column: Ramblings on the Writing Life

Fiction Writing - General
General Techniques
Characters & Viewpoint
Setting & Description
Column: Crafting Fabulous Fiction

Fiction Writing - Genres
Children's Writing
Mystery Writing
Romance Writing
SF, Fantasy & Horror
Flash Fiction & More

Nonfiction Writing
General Freelancing
Columns & Syndication

Topical Markets
Travel Writing

Creative Nonfiction

International Freelancing
Business/Tech Writing

Other Topics
Poetry & Greeting Cards Screenwriting

Book Publishing
Traditional Publishing
Electronic Publishing
POD & Subsidy Publishing

Promotion/Social Media
General Promotion Tips
Book Reviews
Press Releases

Blogging/Social Media
Author Websites

Media/Public Speaking

Articles in Translation

Search Writing-World.com:

Yahoo: MSN:

This free script provided by
JavaScript Kit

Crafting Fabulous Fiction:
Flesh out Your Writing with Body Language

by Victoria Grossack

Return to Crafting Fabulous Fiction · Print/Mobile-Friendly Version

November 20, 2014

A goal of the fiction writer is to put the readers in the story. In other words, you strive to make your characters and your settings so real that readers forget their actual surroundings and take up temporary residence in yours. The goal is fine but a bit on the theoretical side; the big challenge is how to do this in practice. One method is through the use of body language -- that is, words and phrases which relate to different parts of your characters' bodies.

Breathe Life Into Your Description By Using All Senses

Authors generally remember to put in what the character can see. For example: The sky was blue; the trees were lush and green; the paint on the house was gray and peeling. But you may need to remind yourself that readers and your characters have at least four more senses that you can explore. For example, if your hero is on a wharf, what would your readers experience if they were standing beside him? Here are some possibilities:

  • Sense of Sight: The old men drinking in their boats, the sails billowing, the blinding reflection of the sun on the water

  • Sense of Hearing: Waves lapping against the shore and the pier, gulls crying, sails flapping, the chug of a small boat's engine

  • Sense of Touch: The heat of the sun on your hero's black pants, the coolness of the wind on her cheek, the roughness of the old planks beneath the feet

  • Sense of Smell: The tang of salt; the rotting scent of seaweed; the diesel in the boats

  • Sense of Taste: Grittiness of sand that gets into the food, the richness of oysters

You can build upon this by having the character interact more with the setting, by bringing feelings and emotions to it. Perhaps a woman in a fancy outfit walks along the pier: she may feel irritation with the wind as it ruins her expensive hairdo, or awkward and embarrassed as she stumbles in her inappropriate high heels. A certain smell, such as a whiff of perfume, may remind the hero of girlfriend who left him. By doing this, you make the setting come alive for your character, and thus for your reader.

Use Body Language for Conversational Beats

For readers to follow a conversation, writers have to include some form of speaker attribution, such as "John said" and "Mary replied." This can grow tedious for the author, who may become tired of repeatedly typing S-A-I-D. But without an indication of the speaker the reader gets lost, especially when there are more than two speakers.

Mark said, "I wonder what time it is?"
"It is way past dinnertime," said Susan.
"You're wrong," said Katie.
"Do you know where Jeff is?" asked Susan.

One possibility is to change the word used to attribute the speech. Alternatives abound: ask, answer, exclaim, yell, whisper, retort, relate, sing, say, declare, aver, pronounce, and so on. Unfortunately, these have to be used sparingly or your readers may begin to pay more attention to these words than to your story.

Mark wondered, "I wonder what time it is?"
"It is way past dinnertime," averred Susan.
"You're wrong," Katie contradicted.
"Do you know where Jeff is?" asked Susan.

Another alternative and one which will also get you away from the talking head syndrome -- is to include movements of the characters.

Mark rubbed his eyes and stretched on the couch. "I wonder what time it is?"
Susan's stomach growled. "It is way past dinnertime."
Katie looked at her watch. "You're wrong."
Susan went to the window and opened it. A gust of rain soaked her T-shirt. "Do you know where Jeff is?"

Admittedly, having four such movements in a row becomes tiring for the reader, but used wisely, this method provides the author with another way of dealing with the dialogue attribution and also brings more life into the story. The best solution is to combine these different techniques in the way that best enhances your narrative.

Show Don't Tell

Most writers are familiar with the directive: "Show, don't tell!" Body language provides a great way to comply with this command. Here are a couple of examples:

Telling: Henry was tired.
Showing: Henry yawned.

Telling: Sheila said angrily, "You're wrong!"
Showing: Sheila stamped her foot. "You're wrong!"

These are both simple examples, but they make my point. The second instance is particularly important, because the first part contains the adverb "angrily". Adverbs ending with "-ly" are warning signals that you may have drifted into telling instead of showing. By having Sheila stamp her foot, Sheila shows her emotion and the readers know she is speaking angrily without your having to tell them explicitly.

Stretching Your Body and Mind

We've covered some basics. Now it's time for you to develop your own repertoire of body movements and interactions. So, here is a writing exercise which you can do in the safety of your own home.

Start at the crown of your head and work your way down. For various parts of your body (or the bodies of your characters), come up with movements and twitches and grandiose gestures. Write them down, so that you develop your own set of possibilities. Try to move from the commonplace and the cliche to the creative. And award yourself extra points for gestures which convey emotions or interact with the environment.

Here are some examples of what the different parts of your body can do.

  • Hair: bounces, waves, falls in the eyes

  • Eyebrows: lift, lower, squeeze together

  • Lips: purse, press, blow, whistle, kiss

  • Stomach: growl, ache with hunger, cramp with disease, tremble with butterflies

  • Feet: shuffle, ache, swell, stink, stamp

Of course, there are many more body parts and many more possibilities. They are only limited by the parts of the human body and your imagination. If your main character has antennae, either because he is a cockroach or because he is an Andorian from Star Trek, you should develop a repertoire of movements and associations for your character's antennae.


Language associated with bodies can bring more depth to your writing. By working through your senses, you can deepen the sense of reality for your readers. By including gestures and conversational beats, you can shift from telling to showing. These both make the story more alive, and add to the feeling you want your reader to have: being in the story with your characters.

Find Out More...

Handling a Cast of Thousands I: Getting to Know Your Characters - Will Greenway

Column Index

Copyright © 2014 Victoria Grossack
This article may not be reprinted without the author's written permission.

Victoria Grossack studied Creative Writing and English Literature at Dartmouth College, and has published stories and articles in such publications as Contingencies, Women's World and I Love Cats. She is the author of Crafting Fabulous Fiction, a step-by-step guide to developing and polishing novels and short stories that includes many of her beloved columns. With Alice Underwood, she co-authors the Tapestry of Bronze series (including Jocasta, Mother-Wife of Oedipus; The Children of Tantalus; and Antigone & Creon), based on Greek myths and set in the late Bronze Age. Her independent novels include The Highbury Murders, in which she does her best to channel the spirits and styles of Jane Austen and Agatha Christie, and Academic Assassination (A Zofia Martin Mystery). Victoria is married with kids, and (though American) spends much of her time in Europe. Her hobbies include gardening, hiking, bird-watching and tutoring mathematics. Visit her website at http://www.tapestryofbronze.com, or contact her at tapestry (at) tapestryofbronze (dot) com.

Want to learn more about crafting fabulous fiction? Get one-on-one guidance with Victoria Grossack's personal writing class; find out more at http://www.tapestryofbronze.com/VictoriasWritingClasses.html.


Copyright © 2018 by Moira Allen. All rights reserved.
All materials on this site are the property of their authors and may not be reprinted
without the author's written permission, unless otherwise indicated.
For more information please contact Moira Allen, Editor

Organize your writing
and save time. Click here for a free download